प्यार का तरीका

बाबू तू सोयेगी नहीं I मेरे कानो में यह आवाज़ जाते ही मेरा मन लपका उस ऒर देखने को I मिनी बस की सबसे पीछे की सीट पर , कोने में खिड़की से चिपकी एक महिला I कपड़े कुछ मैले से , आँखों के नीचे गाढ़े काले रंग के धब्बे I हड्डियों के बीच चेहरा लापता सा अपने आप को ढूंढ रहा था I रंग के नाम पर सिर्फ भूरे रंग के निशान I सर्दी के कपड़ो में लिपटी वो , शाल से ढकी अनैमिक लग रही थी I उसका सर बार बार झुका जा रहा था I नींद के झोंके उसकी गर्दन को मनो मरोड़े जा रहे थे I उसका पति एवं दो बच्चे उसकी ऒर आस की नजर से देख रहे थे I पति उसके गालो पर थप्पड़ों की बरसात किये हुए था I इरादा उसे सोने नहीं देने का था I किसी फेमिनिस्ट ने नहीं देखा , भला हुआ , नहीं तो मामला कचेहरी तक पहोच जाता I कभी कभी प्यार कैसे किया जाये यह भी एक मसला हो जाता है I उसका पति उसको घुसा दिखा रहा था I अपनी पुरानी ज्यादतियों की याद दिलाते हुए उसको धमका रहा था I किसी भी हाल में उसे सोने न देना ही उसके पति का एक मात्र लक्षय था I इन सब में प्यार भरपूर था I कुछ लोग मैले कुचले कपड़े देख किनारा काट रहे थे I उसके बच्चे निश्चिंत हो आगे की सीट पर बैठ बiहर का नजारा देख रहे थे I मनो हॉस्पिटल जाना उनके लिए पिकनिक सामान था I महिलाएं पति को घृणा की दृष्टि से देख रही थी I प्यार करने के तरीके में एक पुरुषत्व था I पितृसत्ता की झलक से ओत प्रोत था वह दृश्य I कभी कभी सोचता हु , जरुरी क्या है , प्यार या उसका तरीका ?


Empathy And Relativity

Globalization has changed all the dynamics of the world. The politics of a nation cannot be seen from a parochial lense, for every other thing which happens globally affects it , in this or the other way.We don’t live in silos’s no matter how big a loner we are. On a broader ground we all are affected by what happens globally.Transport and then technology has revolutionized the world of information. We live in shared world of incidents, events jubilations and sorrows.Forgive me for not mentioning accidents.Transport first made the connectivity easy and accessable and then ever evolving Information and technology revolution actually plugged us into one loop.We share hope and sorrows with each other.The era is of ever evolving enlightenment where technology is enlightening us to the new vistas of happenings.How do we relate ourselves to the world is a subjective-if not positive sciences- decision.Social media has emerged as a powerful tool.A tool which has provided us with a platform onto which we can not only express and assume significance but listen and understand the world equally as well.It has its perils no doubt and we have all seen how it is being used as a tool by the propagandist organisations to fulfill their vested interest and in this way , it has become very hard for us to maintain neutrality in observing and understanding events in their full context. This forces us to look for relativity.

Without going into the multimillion dynamics of relativity as phenomenon , I would like to concentrate on the very effect of it on empathy.I think that the most easiest way to understand any concept is either by example or case study. This brings to us a more event by event but an evolved continuum.of thought.I would like to focus on the recent international acts of terror and our relative empathy shown–in terms of ethics why is it questionable?

A day before Paris attacks, suicide bombers killed more then 50 in beirut, lebanon. A few days back Russian plane which first thought to be crashed in Sinai , Egypt but later asserted to be bombed by the various intelligence agencies, killed all people on board.All 224 people.And then happened Paris more then 129 dead and many injured , fighting for life.Paris attacks happened much like our Bombay attacks. Yes in the same fashion , like Bombay has become a fashion in the world of terrorism.In all these attacks all equally valuable lives were massacred brutally.The common thread between all these attacks was Islamic state in Iraq and Levant (ISIL or ISIS) or “Daesh”–once a small offshoot of Al-quaeda — Jabhat an-Nuṣrah li-Ahli ash-Shām. The group has a $2bn  empire spread over Syria, Libya and Iraq. Taking the responsibility of the attacks the group swared for more of this type attacks at various parts of the world–Also confirmed by CIA Chief.Whole world mourned the Paris attack.It should.We ought to support humanity wherever possible.Its our Dharma indeed.Not religion of-corse.We supported people of paris in their fight against terror. The whole world united in this fight against terror against innocent lives.From Obama, China to G-20 , every leader and every country supported France.The empathy shown by the people of the world is remarkable.Technology unites us all in  tough times.But do u think we are equally emphatic in our fight against terror? DO you think we are equally assertive in expressing our support against terrorism? DO u thing we are equally empathic to other victims of terror at the various other parts of the world including the one’s i mentioned above? DO u think we are moved more by the global consensus and less by our own conscience? DO u think it is also a lack of information and vigor with which a cause is taken which affects our decision making capability , whether what to support and what to not? Is our empathy relative? Or we are selective in our outrage–a motive enforced upon dissenters now day’s in India.

A friend kold me up.We discussed current scenario on phone.He told me he got bullied by some right wingers for asking a simple question to Mr Mark Zuckerberg.The question was of ethics.WHere is my flag of beirut and Russia Mr Zuckerberg.A valid point from the lense of ethics. Yes I can judge.”Ethics deals with standard by which we judge human actions”.From the ethical point of view life of each and every  individual is important whether he be French or Russian or lebanon.Since Daesh was involved in all of these terror incidents , then it becomes another argument. Also to add , all attacks of terror must be denounced strongly in the same fashion.We ought to equate all incidents of terror and must strongly raise our voice against it.Zukerberg did it in one case and avoided in the other and since being a public personality, it’s his duty to show his dissent equally for other as well.We also cannot argue that he lacked information.Such an idea to relate ourselves to one society or people of one country and neglecting others , who too are equally being targeted shows a lack of ethics in orientation of our empathy.It reminds me of Orwell’s classic, Änimal Farm”in which he argues “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.” Those who killed in beirut and Sina were humans too.Victor hugo once argued –““Being good is easy, what is difficult is being just.”

It can be argued that i m in a hurry to judge as  seneca said…“Auditur et altera pars. (The other side shall be heard as well.)”.It’s a fair point.But there must come arguments from the other side , not personal attcks. We forget often that our opinion must be supported by arguments–facts ofcorse.We must have a context to talk about and reasons to form an opinion.To put a motive onto someone before understanding the gravity and depth of the argument is actually like killing the debate.It’s more of a generation of inherent fear , fear of being criticised, fear of being revealed, fear of being rightly understood, fear of some incapacity to comprehend the thought.It is complete lack of empathy–often inculcated by poor reasoning and relating our self to one ideology.Or in terms of Amartya sen, it’s like embracing identity as violence.My friend complained me.It was genuine complaint, because alleging someone to be a sympathizer for merely questioning ur reasons , only bigot’s do that or its a quality inherited by despots.George orwell once said , “If liberty means anything at all, it means the right to tell people what they do not want to hear.”It is his right as a democratic citizen to question, to put into public discourse what people ignore to hear or do not want to hear. There shud be some empathy on the part of reader to give space for the arguments to reveal the context and horizon of the thought or else he is jeopardizing Free thought.We must inculcate a just practice of empathy. We must show respect and sincerity in our arguments.Ethics tells us that every argument must be listened to before being judged.Every argument must be judged on the basis of systematic standards of reason.Only an independent listener can have a proper understanding of what a writer wants to convey.Being prejudiced by the relative identity will only jeopardize our discretion.Empathy must be just not relative.Orwell once argued, ““The choice for mankind lies between freedom and happiness and for the great bulk of mankind, happiness is better.” It all depends upon our preferences and values.

Human and Biodiversity

Diversity is something which is intrinsic to evolution and vice-versa. We all read terms like “Biodiversity” , “Cultural Diversity” “Political Diversity”. so on and so forth. In the terms of Biological sciences, The more diverse , the more healthy an ecosystem will be. Actually diversity in biology represents — healthy chances of survival and favorable conditions for growth, for example , the tropics are more favorable for growth and survival of Living organisms and hence it has far more greater biodiversity then any other biome.Diversity leads to wider tropic levels and healthy options for an organism to prey and live. EVen to autotrophs evolution has provided with mechanisms to defend and survive. Nature knows no , differentiation like us “The humans”.For example in equatorial climate trees  grow to great altitudes with buttressed root system which gives them solid base and healthy absorption of water as run offs are quite fast.Every plant strives for sunlight and then you have epiphytes representing symbiotic relationships. Such brilliant organisation. Tremendous , isnt it ?? The survival of an organism depends upon how much will it restores after every fall. That means , Survival of fittest as darwin propounded. From the microorganism to macro-organism, every one striving hard to flourish and yet at the same time representing an organized way of life.It amazes me , the organizational diversity and the mechanisms to fight any contingency.There cannot be any better example of an organization then Nature , as the goal of entire range of species is survival and reproduction while at the same time maintaining the balance.The carrying capacity must be maintained and the development must be sustainable.From broad leaves to pointed nail like leaves, nature has different mechanisms at different biome levels.

With such strong basic developmental orientation inherently designed to maintain ecological balance,  still we hear and see widely pervasive warnings and threat to biodiversity to the  extent of a cataclysmic end of earth. The questions that haunt us are whether real or just a part of wider controversy often perplexes us.Whether to live in now and enjoy life or to think about the future generation and restore the balance–already been disturbed out of anthropogenic activities ?? Are the threats real? How much time do we have ? what shall we do ? What are the core issues which need our immediate attention? Are we human’s — a part of the ecosystem–are against the very survival of earth? Are we against our own survival? Are we the anomalies in the organisational system who out of their inherent self interest have devastated the environment and ecology to such an extent that now only prolongation of the catastrophic events can only be done? How long can we sustain the pressure ? How long the idea of so called sustainable development can procrastinate the end of all living species? The latest IPCC report –Fifth assessment report–substantiate four facts quite clearly.

1. We humans have crossed the carrying capacity of the earth.

2. Anthropogenic activities are solely responsible for climate change.

3. The rate of extinction of species on earth has become 100–1000 times faster in the anthropogenic era then earlier era.

4. Climate change is inevitable and so are the catastrophic events , we can only minimize the effect and sustain ourselves       for a longer time so as to find new  models, mediums and systems of survival.

The human impact on ecology and environment has been overstated –one argument. But then after the industrial era , not only the extinction rate and threat to ecology but climate overturns have become real and frightening.SO to me their’s No doubt that We the human’s are the anomaly in the system , like viruses , sucking blood out of every other species and at the same time pretending to be herbivores.

We are completely confused. Fighting over the pragmatism of the various threats to earth. Though it is important to check the authenticity of reports but yet what seems visible should not be overviewed in order to befool our own selves..No??

The climate change effects are quite visible , whether it be arctics getting ice free or great sink holes appearing in siberia, or disturbed El-nino effects in tropics and mid latitudes or torrential downpours in Tropics where rains used to widespread through out the months. Heavy rains and then prolong droughts are quite visible. California is going through one of its harshest drought ever and In India , we are having deficient monsoon in a line for the past two years.The coral threat is real and whatever remaining corals we have they are undergoing bleaching at large.

What efforts are we putting in to save the earth?? Sustainable development ??? if one looks’at the situation with even a superficial observation , he/she wont deny that it’s graver then one presumes. The first effort is to make consensus on the fact that , It’s happening ….And we are yet doing it …Please dont be amazed..The second effort is to align our efforts with the concept of sustainable development but then who knows what actually sustainable development is.?? Whether it should be seen from the eyes of nature and species or from human view, for the difference between both views can touch sky.What are we trying to save , Us or the earth ?? That’s also an interesting question …DO we think that our morality is compromised for our self interest has overtaken our conscience ??? The third effort is to fight over making consensus to make consensus that climate change is for real and happening at a rate faster then any report substantiates. The next effort is for the global governance to make parties agree on certain agendas in the direction of restoration of earth to its normal state…..But then its impossible now as per IPCC Fifth assessment report. The fight is also over who is more responsible ?? The dilemmas are graver…..The governments are confused , how to balance their effort to uplift standard of living of their citizens with global efforts to save environment and ecology. The pressures are large , for the dwindling ecosystems are putting wild life in confrontation with human. What to save and what to not ??? Whom to support and whom to not ? Tigers are few but then human’s are rarer then tigers…No??? Diclofenacs are more important then vultures. Sparrows are state bird but there’s no effort in direction of curtailing communication towers…for its still quite unclear whether they are cause leading to dwindling no’s of sparrows , that too after several reports…Dolphins and rivers are less important then water channels and commercial activities. Hills and plateaus  and the life they support and sustain with inherent biodiversity are less important then the minerals they hide..The exploitation of nilgiris becomes more important then Dongaria Kondh’s …The Jarava’s are less important then tourism… The Elephants are less important then highways…their habitats are compromised in order to facilitate road coverage ….Western Ghats are open to exploitation even when the endemic nature and extinction threat to its biodiversity is larger then to himalayas….The human greed has no ends…

We still are evolving and we still are not able to understand that evolution is subject to diversity…..Not greed..We must understand and must act in order to align our efforts. Its a global challenge…It;s not a day dream ..The threats are for real and we must have to act with consensus to save not only us but the whole planet with its biodiversity..Or else our conscious will never forgive us for the extinction of diversity that we inherited …..